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Papers with Code

  • By contrast, humans can generally perform a new language task from only a few examples or from simple instructions - something which current NLP systems still largely struggle to do.
  • We present a new method that views object detection as a direct set prediction problem.
  • Human motion is fundamental to understanding behavior.
  • In this work, we explore the task of lip to speech synthesis, i.
  • e., learning to generate natural speech given only the lip movements of a speaker.
  • In this paper, we propose a novel training methodology that consistently outperforms cross entropy on supervised learning tasks across different architectures and data augmentations.
  • To achieve this, we decouple appearance and motion information using a self-supervised formulation.
  • Loss functions are one of the crucial ingredients in deep learning-based medical image segmentation methods.

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Stratechery – Dust in the Light

  • This year, Madison (and the rest of Dane County) earns the No. 1 position among the 300 biggest U.S. metropolitan areas in our 1996 Best Places to Live in America ranking.
  • It’s clear, then, that schools in the Crescent of poor black/hispanic neighborhoods would be expected to have below-average academic success.
  • And unfortunately, the map below of all Madison schools with below-average reading proficiency rates indicates that this is exactly the case.
  • One suspects that in a different world — say, the world that was Minneapolis for most of the 20th century — said underlying health conditions and intoxicants would have been held to be the cause of death, not “Other significant conditions.” Perhaps there would be a two paragraph story in the Star Tribune on page A17, or more likely Floyd’s death would have disappeared into a police filing cabinet, a non-event as far as most of Minneapolis was concerned.

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IBM Strech, the NSA, and MLK

  • In addition to sucking up and disgorging its daily load of intercepts from abroad, the N.S.A. had improperly eavesdropped on the conversations of many Americans, such as the antiwar protesters Benjamin Spock and Jane Fonda and the Rev. Ralph Abernathy, successor to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., current director of the National Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs and other Government agencies, its vast technological capabilities had invaded the domestic field.
  • In other words, the NSA wasn’t looking to process numerical bank statements or compute the routes of subatomic particles, it was processing large amounts of communication data in a variety of formats.
  • As America is once again gripped in strife, remember that there was a time when widely admired citizens like Martin Luther King and Whitney Young were suspected of being domestic terrorists by their own government.

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Microsoft Defender SmartScreen is hurting independent developers

  • SmartScreen collects installation data from all Windows users in order to establish “reputation”.
  • First of all, Microsoft needs to be able to gather information on who has published the app, and this is done by a code signing certificate.
  • So here’s the catch 22: to build up reputation, you need people to install your software so that Microsoft collects data.
  • To get users to install your software, they need not be greeted by a message that strongly suggests your piece of code will harm their computers.
  • Windows Defender Antivirus doesn’t report them as malware.The message you observed is a notification from Windows Defender SmartScreen indicating that the application does not have known reputation in our system.Application reputation warnings are meant to inform end users when applications do not have known positive reputation.
  • For publishers, there is another solution: Extended Validation Code Signing Certificate.

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Lawmakers Begin Bipartisan Push to Cut Off Police Access to Military-Style Gear

  • The effort to end a program transferring surplus military equipment from the Pentagon to the police reflects a revived bipartisan concern about excessive use of force by law enforcement.
  • WASHINGTON — Republicans and Democrats in Congress have begun a new push to shut down a Pentagon program that transfers military weaponry to local law enforcement departments, as bipartisan urgency builds to address the excessive use of force and the killings of unarmed black Americans by the police.
  • Senator Brian Schatz, Democrat of Hawaii, who has long pressed to limit the transfer of military-grade equipment to police departments, announced that he would move to include an amendment in the must-pass annual defense policy bill to shut down the program entirely.
  • In response to stark images of heavily armed police confronting unarmed protesters in armored vehicles in Ferguson, Mr. Obama placed limits on that program in 2015, restricting the transfer of weapons, including battering rams and explosives, from the Pentagon to local police.

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Tor Browser 9.5

  • For the first time, Tor Browser users on desktop will be able to opt-in for using onion sites automatically whenever the website makes them available.
  • When visiting a website that has both an .onion address and Onion Location enabled via Tor Browser, users will be prompted about the onion service version of the site and will be asked to opt-in to upgrade to the onion service on their first use.
  • In previous versions of Tor Browser, when there was an error connecting to an onion service, users received a standard Firefox error message, with no information about why they were unable to connect to the onion site.
  • In this release, we have improved the way Tor Browser communicates with users about service-, client-, and network-side errors that might happen when they are trying to visit an onion service.

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Cristobal is now the earliest third Atlantic named storm on record

  • Right now Cristobal is a tropical storm with sustained winds of 40 mph with higher gusts.
  • On its current track, it is expected to continue to interact with southern Mexico over the next several days.
  • The main risk for this storm will continue to be rain.
  • Ten to 20 inches of rain is possible across the Mexican states of Tabasco, Veracrus and Campeche.
  • There could be isolated amounts of more than 2 feet of rain.
  • In the long term, the storm's forecast gets a little tricky.
  • CNN Meteorologist Brandon Miller says, "The long-term forecast is very complex due to potential interactions with land and strong winds that are expected to influence the vortex.
  • States along the Gulf Coast should closely monitor the situation during the next several days and have a plan in place, should a storm threaten the coast.

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After years of talking about diversity, the number of black leaders at US companies is still dismal

  • Black professionals overall: Black professionals in 2018 held just 3.3% of all executive or senior leadership roles, which are defined as within two reporting levels of the CEO, according to the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
  • Black executives in C-suite and other high power roles: Those most often promoted to CEO or named to corporate boards usually have held one or more specific titles -- CEO, chief financial officer and regional or division president in charge of business units that deliver significant profits to the company overall.
  • But among Fortune 100 companies this year, black professionals account for just 3% of CEOs, 1% of CFOs and 3% of profit leaders like division presidents, according to calculthe Stanford Corporate Governance Research Initiative.
  • While black professionals account for a comparatively high percentage of chief human resource officers (13%) and chief administration executives (43%), the chances of being promoted from there to a CEO or board role are low.

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People from ethnic minorities are up to 50% more likely to die from coronavirus than white people, UK report finds

  • The analysis, conducted by government agency Public Health England (PHE), found that people of Bangladeshi heritage who tested positive for the virus were around twice as likely to die as their white British peers.
  • People from other minority communities, including those of Chinese, Indian, Pakistani and Caribbean descent, also had a 10% to 50% higher risk of death when compared to white Britons, the report found.
  • Commissioned by England's Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty in April, amid fears the coronavirus pandemic was "disproportionately" affecting black and ethnic minority communities, the analysis was due to be published at the end of May, according to PHE.
  • Its publication came as UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet warned that Covid-19 had exposed inequalities within society and was having a major disproportionate impact on racial and ethnic minorities, including people of African descent.

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Scientists say they have found the cleanest air on earth

  • Researchers found that the boundary layer air, which feeds the lower clouds over the Southern Ocean, was free from aerosol particles produced by human activity -- including burning fossil fuels, planting certain crops, fertilizer production, and wastewater disposal -- or transported from other countries around the world.
  • Research scientist and co-author of the study Thomas Hill explained that "the aerosols controlling the properties of SO (Southern Ocean) clouds are strongly linked to ocean biological processes, and that Antarctica appears to be isolated from southward dispersal of microorganisms and nutrient deposition from southern continents," he said in a statement.
  • From the bacterial composition of the microbes, researchers concluded that aerosols from distant land masses and human activities, such as pollution or soil emissions caused by land use change, were not traveling south and into the air.

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