China Passed Security Law in Hong Kong. Goes into Effect July First

  • China has passed a national security law for Hong Kong which many worry spells the end of the territory's unique freedoms.
  • Beijing has said Hong Kong should respect and protect rights and liberties while safeguarding national security - but many still fear the loss of Hong Kong's freedoms with this law.
  • Hong Kong was handed back to China from British control in 1997, but under a unique agreement - a mini-constitution called the Basic Law and a so-called "one country, two systems" principle.
  • Under the same agreement, Hong Kong had to enact is own national security law - this was set out in Article 23 of the Basic Law - but it never happened because of its unpopularity.
  • Many might ask how China can do this if the city was supposed to have freedoms guaranteed under the handover agreement.

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