Sanitation conquered disease long before vaccines or antibiotics
- In an earlier post, I outlined our main weapons against infectious disease, including vaccines, antibiotics, antiseptics, pest control, sanitation, and general hygiene.
- These estimates are rough, but they generally show that death rates began to fall in some parts of Europe by 1740 (and in some parts possibly as early as 1670),3 and that declines in disease mortality were a significant part of this.
- Measures of one or another variety were adopted in many British cities and towns in the Improvement Acts of the 1760s and thereafter, and observers, such as William White in York, attributed declines in mortality specifically to them.
- Thus the germ theory, long before it led to medical treatments, drove down mortality rates by revolutionizing sanitation and hygiene.
- So the mortality data points to a large and easy-to-underappreciate role of pest control, water sanitation, food handling, and general hygiene.
Xi vows to fight 'demon' virus as deaths hit 131
- Shanghai | China's president Xi Jinping says he was confident the country would beat a "devil" virus which has now killed at least 131 people and is spreading globally.
- Meeting with the head or the World Health Organisation (WHO) which has so far refused to declare the coronavirus outbreak a global emergency, Mr Xi said China would strengthen international cooperation.
- The Chinese health authorities said the death toll rose to 132 on Tuesday with 5,496 confirmed cases which is more than reported during the 2003 SARS epidemic.
- Still, there is a lot not known about the new coronavirus and scientists in China, Australia, the United States and other countries are racing to find a cure.
- China's president Xi Jinping says he was confident the country would beat a "devil" virus which has now killed at least 131 people and is spreading globally.
US State Department charter flight departs China amid coronavirus outbreak
- It will stop to refuel in Anchorage, Alaska, before arriving early Wednesday in Ontario, California, about 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles, according to Alaska Department of Health and Social Services spokesman Clinton Bennett.
- There will be three health checks for people on the flight, according to Ivar Satero, director of the San Francisco International Airport.
- The department also ordered personnel working at the US Consulate General in Wuhan -- the epicenter of the outbreak -- to depart for the United States, the official said in a statement Monday.
- Ontario Airport said in a statement Monday it has been working closely with federal, state, county and city partners to prepare for the arrival of the Wuhan flight.
- The airport has "conducted extensive training in managing situations such as this" and health, safety and security preparations are underway ahead of the flight's planned arrival, the statement read.
Tim Cook says Apple has shut one store in China and is restricting employee travel because of coronavirus
- Apple CEO Tim Cook said Tuesday the coronavirus outbreak in China is impacting Apple's operations in the country.
- The company has restricted employee travel and shut one store in China due to the coronavirus outbreak, Cook said, adding that the company is cutting back on retail store hours in China.
- Apple has "some suppliers" in the Wuhan area, Cook told investors on Apple's quarterly conference call Tuesday, and added that at least some of its manufacturing facilities elsewhere in China will remain closed until Feb. 10, as recommended by the Chinese government.
- While its two primary manufacturing sites are far from Wuhan, the epicenter of the outbreak, Bloomberg reported this week that the emerging public health threat could disrupt the company's operations.
- Chinese health authorities said Tuesday that the coronavirus outbreak has killed 106 people and infected 4,515.
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Facebook and Ford are among companies banning China travel after outbreak
- New York (CNN) - Facebook, Ford and other high-profile companies have told their employees not to travel to China as the deadly coronavirus continues to spread.
- Now, a slew of companies are limiting business trips to the country, with some telling their employees to avoid coming to work if they've visited China recently.
- The company told staff returning from China to countries such as the U.S. to expect increased scrutiny, also asking them to work from home if they were coming back from Hubei Province, where Wuhan is located.
- On Thursday, a GM spokesperson told CNN Business that none of its employees had contracted the virus, and that it had restricted trips to China with exceptions for "business critical needs." The representative added that its offices and plants in the country have been closed since Jan. 24 for the traditional Lunar New Year festival.
THE US TELEHEALTH MARKET: The market, drivers, threats, and opportunities for incumbents and newcomers
- Telehealth — the use of mobile technology to deliver health-related services, such as remote doctor consultations and patient monitoring — is enabling healthcare providers and payers to address the US healthcare industry's growing list of problems.
- The proliferation and rapid advancement of mobile technology are spurring telehealth adoption, and many believe that 2018 could be the tipping point for the telehealth market.
- In The US Telehealth Market, Business Insider Intelligence defines the opaque US telehealth market, forecasts the market growth potential and value, outlines the key drivers behind usage and adoption, and evaluates the opportunity telehealth solutions will afford all stakeholders.
- We also identify key barriers to continued telehealth adoption, and discuss how providers, payers, and telehealth companies are working to overcome these hurdles.
- Get the latest General Electric stock price here.
- Get the latest Fitbit stock price here.
- Get the latest Google stock price here.
China put 46 million people on lockdown to contain the Wuhan coronavirus. But quarantines throughout history have been riddled with mishaps.
- Mallon herself was immune to the disease, but when authorities realized that she had initiated the typhoid fever outbreak in the city, she was sentenced for quarantine at North Brother Island for three years.
- While these efforts may have helped the disease from spreading temporarily, millions of people still died, and these methods were largely seen as "hugely socially disruptive," NPR reported.
- Though the Chinese government took longer to respond to SARS than the Wuhan virus, eventually cities including Beijing issued travel quarantines that affected thousands of people.
- The mayor of Wuhan said 5 million people fled the city before the quarantine went into effect, as urban Chinese workers headed home for the Lunar New Year.
- The virus, which scientists call 2019-nCoV, has killed 107 people and infected nearly 4,600 in 17 countries as of Tuesday, with the vast majority of cases reported in China.
Coronavirus conundrum: Two of my employees just returned from China. Can I ask them to stay home?
- The office Occupational Health and Safety Committee should meet and discuss protocols for the workplace, including the matters I am delineating, and set up communications with public health officials to remain abreast of current conditions in the city the company operates in and evolve their strategy for dealing with the virus.
- In addition to the posted notice, companies should have hand sanitizers throughout the workplace while the epidemic remains a risk and supply masks, gloves and eye protection for those employees who wish to use them.
- If employees are returning from affected areas, such as in the case of my client, companies can ask the employee to stay at home for the length of the virus’s incubation period, which I understand from the Centre for Disease Control to be as much as 14 days, and only to return to work after that period has passed, assuming that they are symptom-free.
Here’s the latest on the novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan
- However, a new report published in The Lancet describing 41 early cases in the outbreak indicate that the earliest identified person sickened had no epidemiological links to the market.
- In people, the virus appears to be able to cause asymptomatic cases, as well as illnesses that range from mild respiratory infections to life-threatening pneumonia and respiratory distress, according to preliminary clinical data.
- The discovery of asymptomatic cases has led to concerns that infected people with no symptoms may be unknowingly spreading the virus and thwarting outbreak control efforts, such as quarantines.
- So far, experts suspect that 2019-nCoV mainly spreads through respiratory droplets—sprayed from things like coughs and sneezes—that can then enter the nose, mouth, or eyes of an uninfected individual to cause an infection.
GE Health Stations and Servers Vulnerable to Cyberattack, FDA Warns
- Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG.
- Riley Griffin (Bloomberg) -- General Electric Co. health-care stations and servers may be vulnerable to cyberattacks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said in a safety communication on Thursday.
- The FDA warned health providers, facilities and patients that an outside firm had identified cybersecurity vulnerabilities in GE medical servers used to display patient information like heartbeat or blood pressure.
- The agency said it hasn’t received any reports of patient harm or device malfunction associated with the vulnerabilities.
- An attack could go undetected and occur without user interaction, and compromised devices could appear to be working normally, the FDA said.
- On Nov. 12, GE Healthcare issued an “Urgent Medical Device Correction” letter informing providers and facilities that use its Clinical Information Central Stations and Telemetry Servers of such security vulnerabilities, and how to mitigate risk.