Explosions may have created weird lakes on Saturn's largest moon
- Now, using data from the late, great Cassini spacecraft, a team of scientists has suggested that some of Titan’s liquid-filled basins are even more bizarre than imagined: Based on their size, shape, and freakish features, these lakes may have been formed by underground explosions.
- As the researchers report this week in Nature Geoscience, some of the moon’s small lakes have unusually high rims, which make them appear similar to volcanic craters on Earth that were created through underground blasts.
- In Titan’s case, the violent excavation of these craters may have been triggered by the explosive release of nitrogen gas trapped beneath the moon’s icy surface.
- The new study painstakingly compared Titan’s lake basins with terrestrial maars, and the researchers conclude that Titanic lakes with raised rims and jagged, rampart-like borders really do look like maars that have since filled up with liquid methane.
The most powerful volcano on Jupiter's moon Io is about to explode
- The largest and most powerful volcano on Jupiter’s moon Io erupts like clockwork and is set to go off again at any moment.
- It also seems like the interval between eruptions is getting shorter, but we don’t know why.
- It is typically hard to predict when volcanoes will erupt because there are many different geological forces at play.
- But this volcano on Io, named Loki after the trickster Norse god, periodically brightens and dims, and those bright periods tip us off to impending explosions.
- She correctly predicted the last eruption in May 2018 and says Loki is set to blow again any day.
- Rathbun’s observations previously showed that the volcano erupted about once every 540 days in the 1990s.
- She says we don’t know why it is happening slightly more often these days.
- It would take out all of Southern California if it was on the Earth,” says Rathbun.
'My derelict pub still got TripAdvisor reviews'
- The pub hadn't been open for business since 2011, but on TripAdvisor, curiously people posted reviews for three years from 2014 to 2016, claiming to have had Sunday roasts and experienced poor service while doing so.
- The reviews are still on the TripAdvisor website, but earlier this year the page was finally changed to show that the Bridge Inn is now closed.
- TripAdvisor says 66 million reviews were submitted in 2018, and all of them were put through a moderation process that uses fraud detection technology, while 2.7 million reviews were further screened by a content moderation team.
- The BBC contacted TripAdvisor for comment and the website said that it believes that both customers and business owners should have a voice.
Normative closes a $2.1M seed to help companies automate carbon reporting
- Normative, a startup that lets companies automate their carbon reporting — and in turn help them decrease their environmental footprint — has picked up $2.1 million in seed funding.
- The modest injection of capital will be used by Normative to “accelerate growth” and expand to key markets in the EU and the U.S. Billed as wanting to become the “Quickbook of carbon reporting,” Normative is a SaaS that plugs into various data — both a company’s internal systems and external databases on the environmental impact of good and services.
- With movements like Extinction Rebellion and a regulatory, shareholder and consumer push for companies to improve their environmental footprint, carbon reporting is becoming more mandatory.
- Recently many large investors have signed the UN PRI, saying that they will look at sustainability data and comprehensive reporting when they invest”.
'Take care of it': North Carolina sheriff wanted ex-deputy with dirt on him killed, indictment says
- Sheriff Brindell Wilkins not only knew of the threat to kill the now-former deputy, Joshua Freeman, but he coached a would-be assailant on how to get away with the crime, the indictment handed down Monday alleges.
- Wilkins also discussed the the time and location "of where the murder might successfully occur," according to the indictment, and at one point in the interactions, the sheriff was shown the firearm that would be used in the crime.
- Twelve days later, Lorrin Freeman sent a letter to the State Bureau of Investigation to say she had reviewed the recording, which "contains a conversation between two individuals, one of whom appears to be the Granville County sheriff, about a former deputy sheriff and culminates in a discussion about committing a homicide." She requested the bureau's assistance in investigating the matter.
Justice Dept. sues Snowden for writing about intelligence secrets in new book
- Washington (CNN) - The Justice Department has sued Edward Snowden, who leaked American intelligence secrets in 2013, for allegedly breaking decade-old contracts he signed with intelligence agencies when he published a book this week.
- Snowden had signed secrecy agreements with the CIA and National Security Agency from 2005 to 2013, when he worked as a contractor and an employee of the agencies.
- He needed written approval from the agencies before he could publish, according to the agreements and the lawsuit.
- The US government says now that it's owed royalties and payments from his book, which Snowden released this week, according to the lawsuit.
- Snowden had been a NSA contractor and CIA employee before he leaked a large cache of documents on American intelligence operations to the media about surveillance programs that gathered information from major tech companies, as well as a program that tracked Americans' phone records.
L.A.'S Wildest Cafeteria Served Utopian Fantasy with a Side of Enchiladas (2014)
- Clifford and Nelda Clinton opened their first restaurant in 1931, on the site of a run-down Boos Brothers cafeteria at 618 Olive Street, naming it Clifton’s by combining Clifford’s two names.
- Clifton’s forested dining room, left, was inspired by the grand hall at the Brookdale Lodge in Brookdale, California, where Clinton spent time as a boy.
- The Brookdale was such a success, the Clintons decided to give their original restaurant a makeover, transforming it into the Pacific Seas in 1939—a tropical wonderland filled with waterfalls, palm trees, neon lights, tiki furnishings, and a Rain Room, where a fake thunderstorm occurred every 20 minutes.
- It made a lot of ripples,” says Don. Though mob bosses tried everything to slow the campaign, Clinton gathered the necessary signatures, and the city overwhelmingly supported his new candidate, Judge Fletcher Bowron, who got nearly double the votes Shaw did.
Marketers Wanted a New Generation to Target, Hence Alphas
- That’s misleading and frustrating for adults, but it’s downright deceptive for the people many brands are hoping to appeal to through influencers like Ryan ToysReview—the very youngest of consumers, the age group seemingly named for the purpose of marketing to them, Generation Alpha.
- “This is pretty problematic, and the internet is even more effective at inculcating those ideas, especially for people still in the process of forming their value systems.” The Campaign for a Commercial Free Childhood, he notes, has filed many an FTC complaint against kid-focused YouTube channels in the vein of Ryan ToysReview.
- “As the streaming space continues to quickly grow and evolve,” Shion Kaji says, “we support efforts by lawmakers, industry representatives, and regulators such as the FTC to continuously evaluate and update existing guidelines and lay new ground rules.” In the past, new regulations for advertising to children have been slapped down by concerned food, candy, and toy industry lobbyists eyeing their bank accounts, but De Jans thinks companies actually needn’t worry.
Why Are American Houses So Big?
- “If it’s the custom in your peer group to host dinner parties for a dozen people and your own dining room can accommodate only half that many, you’re likely to think your home is too small,” says Robert Frank, an economist at Cornell and the author of the forthcoming book Under the Influence: Putting Peer Pressure to Work.
- “It’s a really expensive way to live,” Wagner says, “not only in having to travel to the city, having to travel to work, [but] having to travel 15 minutes to get a gallon of milk—all so you can have a really big house.” Maybe more Americans will start thinking this way, in which case, over time, the gap between American houses and those in other parts of the world would start to narrow.
New species of giant salamander is the world's largest amphibian
- The Chinese giant salamander, the largest amphibian in the world, is critically endangered – and now it’s clear that there are at least three distinct species of this animal, each of which will each need different kinds of intervention if they are to be saved from extinction.
- The Chinese giant salamander is a huge animal that has been know to grow up to 1.8 metres long.
- “Each distinct species requires targeted and separate conservation management, both to locate any surviving wild populations and hopefully to establish species-specific conservation breeding programmes,” says Turvey.
- Turvey suggests the South China giant salamander is probably the biggest of the three and may grow up to nearly 2 metres long.
- Those mountains could have isolated giant salamander populations and led to the distinct species, says Turvey.